Mastering Minecraft: A Guide on How to Eat in the Game

Are you a fan of Minecraft and looking to enhance your gameplay? One essential aspect of the game is food – from plant-based to animal-based options, there are various ways to obtain and consume food in Minecraft.

We will explore the different types of food available, how to access the food menu, and the effects of eating in the game.

Grab a seat and get ready to learn all about the importance of food and some tips for efficient eating in Minecraft.

What is Minecraft?

Minecraft is a popular video game developed and released by Mojang Studios. It was created by Notch (real name Markus Persson), a now very famous and wealthy video game developer who started a small game development company called Mojang. Minecraft was released to the public via very early open beta in May 2009. In November 2011, Minecraft was officially released, having built a community of followers who were overcome with the game’s engrossing charm. Microsoft bought Mojang in 2014 for $2.5 billion.

In Minecraft, players tackle a vast world of procedurally generated content to survive, explore, and create. Mining and crafting (a portmanteau of the words being the game’s name) are the main activities that the player can do to advance. Players mine (dig) for resources including diamonds, redstone, coal, iron, gold, and other materials to create blocks of item-like things like flint and steel, shears, an anvil, a compass, bookshelves, and the enchantment table. That provides players with the tools, weapons, and armor sets they use to protect themselves from enemy mobs (hostile enemies), or engage with them for further resources. Minecraft also includes a crafting and smelting mechanism that allows players to turn the resources they have mined into useful items to build structures as varied as the player’s imagination.

How to Access the Food Menu in Minecraft?

To access the food menu in Minecraft, you click the default E button. This brings up the standard player inventory display for pocket edition, windows 10 edition, java, education mode, and the nintendo switch. The food menu will show up whenever you pick up a type of food item. It will appear in either the center or the right inventory bar. Then you drag the food item to the short hotbar at the bottom of the display by clicking it and holding the mouse/touchpad icon until it moves to the hotbar. To eat the food item, click on it while it is in the hotbar which is displayed by numbers 1 through 9 on an indicator at the bottom of the game environment and the type of food.

What are the Different Types of Food in Minecraft?

The different types of food in Minecraft fall into one of eleven groups based on the attributes of the items. The different types are as follows: iconic drops, mushrooms, fruits/vegetables, meat, fish, other animal products, processed animal products, honey related products, and lastly, decorative or inedible foods. Iconic drops (namely porkchop, steak, cooked chicken, rabbit, etc.) fully restore saturation (see figure 23) and regenerate health while other cooked foods (such as cakes, rabbit stew, beef, pancakes) do not. Usually strained pur es, traditional vegetable pastes, broths, and vanilla products restore minimal saturation (see figure 23) and do not regenerate health. Only beetroots and honey related products restore minimal saturation (see figure 23) and do not regenerate health. All raw products restore minimal saturation (see figure 23) and do not regenerate health.

Iconic Drops such as rabbit, cooked porkchop, and cooked salmon are animals that leave behind a well-known meat item when killed and/or cooked that is edible and provides nutrition. They can be killed with a sword or bow and arrows (for chickens). Mushrooms including red and brown mushrooms are separate food items that can be found on the ground. Fruits/vegetables such as apples, potatoes, wheat, carrots, and beets can also be eaten if they have been grown and properly prepared. Generally, they restore minimal saturation (see figure 23) and do not regenerate hearts unless fully cooked or mixed with other ingredients to create more complex foods. Meat such as raw porkchop, raw rabbit, and raw beef are edible meat.

Fish such as raw salmon and raw cod can be consumed. Other animal products such as eggs, milk, or a bowl can be consumed either raw or as part of a dish. Some are used for other crafting. Processed animal products such as cake, pumpkin pie, or cooked salmon can be consumed and generally improve ascetics as household items or provide additional needed blocks within the game. Honey related products such as honey blocks and comb can be consumed either raw or as part of a dish. Only beetroots themselves can be consumed in their raw form. Decorative or inedible foods such as cookies, suspicious stew, and rotten flesh should not be consumed, and instead have other uses within the game such as trading or summonings.

Plant-based Food

The primary way you can eat in Minecraft is by consuming plant-based food. This may be something you grow yourself such as wheat, carrots, pumpkins, melons, sugarcane, coke from which you make (panelas) by adding sugar, mushroom soup from fungi, stain food, or other crops. They may also be items naturally found in the game such as berries, apples, honeycombs, kelp, cocoa beans, cactus, chorus fruit, and even more.

Animal-based Food

Animal-based Food is food obtained by killing and cooking mobs. According to Forbes, mobs are the movement life in the world of Minecraft. Cooking is often not a necessity but provides an eating advantage. Cooking removes any negative attributes and may also provide a bonuse. Steak requires minimal work to obtain and is the most material-efficient food, providing eight units of health and four units of hunger at the cost of two units of hunger lost in the saturation stage. Cooked Porkchop is the second most material-efficient food as it provides eight units of health and four units of hunger at the cost of two units of hunger lost in the saturation stage.

Eating Mutton or Cooked Mutton is the third most material-efficient food in the animal-based foods category in Minecraft as it provides six units of health and provides the maximum level of saturation. Fish (includes Cod, Salmon) is the fourth most material-efficient food in the animal-based foods category in Minecraft as it provides four units of hunger and six units of healing.

Products like Rabbit Stew, Rabbit Meat, and the unique foods of the turtle and fox, require the most effort and perishable materials but they provide significant benefits. Examples are the Rabbit Stew with the most healing power (with twelve units of hunger regained and eight health points restored), and Fox or Turtle Meat with added health and saturation effects. Eggs drop from chickens at a 50% rate and are often dropped by mobs that have been blown up by a player that is using a weapon with the Looting enchantment. All breeding 2-block-height space mobs together has a 1 to 3 chance of dropping an egg. When creating food such as cake, eggs must be activated.

Other Food Items

Along with the broad categories of cooked and non-cooked meats and plant-based items, there are several other ways to obtain items with food restore properties on Minecraft. This category can be especially useful for surviving in Minecraft until you develop the necessary tools to be able to hunt for and cook meats.

Honeycombs drop when bee hives are sheared with a pair of shears. Putting the honeycomb in the crafting grid will produce Honeycomb Blocks which can be used as part of the Beacon’s pyramid base to give a hazard-free way to encase it in a glass. At least four of the six pyramids should be made of iron blocks, gold blocks, emerald blocks, or netherite blocks. Nether Warts are used to brew potions as a secondary brewing ingredient. Initially, they have a food restoring effect of 1 when they are eaten. You can get Nether Warts from Nether Fortresses as well as in the loot chests of Nether Ruins and Bastions Remnants.

How to Obtain Food in Minecraft?

You obtain food in Minecraft by farming, obtaining it as a drop from animals, fishing or trade, stealing, foraging, or hunting. Once obtained, food in Minecraft can be eaten using the eating function, or consumed in ways related to the role food plays in crafting or enchanting. Food can be farmed in a variety of ways such as planting crops that produce food items when harvested.

Placed in different configurable environments for passive growth, animals like cows, chickens, pigs, sheep, bees and mushrooms can be bred by feeding them to get a baby version that eventually grows up for you to harvest food from. Players are also able to trade with certain villagers for food, acquire drops from certain monsters, loot, or steal from other player’s stores. Wild sproutable foods include sugarcane, cocoa beans, melons, pumpkins, certain flowers, cacti, and dragon fruit.

Most harvested or farmed food can be eaten. Different food items give different levels of hunger regeneration and saturation. Between versions stretching back to the Beta release, the amount of edible food has expanded significantly. Food items that can be eaten as well as what animals drop food and would trade for it, are shown in the table.

  • Plant these crops and obtain food in Minecraft: Various crops such as wheat, melon, potato, carrot, beetroot, and sweet berries can be cultivated by planting seeds or items obtained from their grown plants that produce the crop.
  • Trade with certain villagers and acquire food in Minecraft: Farmers or even fisherman villagers will trade food for emeralds.
  • Steal food from other players and acquire food in Minecraft: Steal and eat their foraged foods. You can also kill another player and eat their food if it is dropped.
  • Forage for edible items and food in Minecraft: While hunting for other resources, any of the additional wild sproutable foods can be found and harvested for minor benefits. Mushrooms will replace flowers in the player’s inventory if they sprint over it, cacti can be collected in deserts to avoid it as a hazard, and breaking pots can generate beetroot seeds. Sugar canes and cocoa beans can create sources of energy. Melons and pumpkins can be used as food and in some cases as traps against mobs.
  • Hunt stream-dwelling mobs and mine rivers and lakes for fish to eat.
  • Kill and eat underwater creatures in the sea to satisfy the hunger bar.
  • Kill or confront hostile mobs for additional food possibility.
  • Gather these uncommon or dangerous foodstuffs: Some unusual or scarce food finds like Spider Eyes, Kelp, Berries, Rotten Flesh, Poisonous Potatoes, and Stringy Meat are more basic methods of sustaining the player’s hunger bar.
  • Trade with neutral mobs in Minecraft like fish in the sea.
  • Kill and butcher skeletons for bones to make bone meal.
  • Eat zombie flesh and Husks because you’re starving and have no other option.
  • Trade with nitwit villagers who might have food?
  • The following animals drop food as well as trade for it: Pigs drop raw porkchops when they are killed, and at times cook porkchops when they are killed while still alive. Raw and cooked porkchops can be consumed. Additionally, they can be traded with butcher villagers for emeralds.
  • Trade and kill chickens to obtain raw chicken, cooked chicken, or feathers. Killing a baby chicken or an egg will never give food to the player.
  • Obtain traded mutton and wool from sheep. To get cooked mutton or wool, kill it in exchange for another player made wool block. They can also be traded with a shepherd village in order to get some emeralds.
  • Steal, trade, or kill cows for raw and cooked beef along with hides (leather). Stealing raw or cooked beef from other player’s store until they fight back is also a great way to acquire food.
  • Steal and trade for most food in the game of Minecraft. Cows not only drop beef, but they drop their leather hides, too. They can be traded in exchange for leather boots of whatever color the player wants with a librarian villager or other expert.
  • Obtain honey from bees. To maintain your food stock, kill bees and nest the bees in exchange for delicious honeycombs. But remember, you must use your shears. They will not give the player food if they are attacked unwarranted.
  • Obtain rabbit drops. Rabbits, when killed, give the player their raw and cooked rabbit meat, along with a portion of their own hide, called rabbits hiding. Bathing the cutest little defenseless babies until they mature can also yield delicious results. Their hide can also be traded with the butcher villager of another player for an emerald that can then be given for a useful and helpful prize.
  • Obtain bat drops. Obtaining food in Minecraft is not going to be easy with bats. If the player is desperate and dying due to starvation eating three raw bat wings (drops of bats) can be very useful for restoring a point of hunger. Just do this if there’s no other last-case scenerio!
  • Obtain phantom drops. Being a flying and not very good friend of the player, phantoms (the things that fly around during the night, looking for someone who has let their sleep go too long) make a point of dropping something different. Once they are effected in their encounter with the ground, they can provide the player with some phantom wings. These phantom wings offer 2 each and are distributed the same as the bats. If the player is that desperate to eat in Minecraft and those help ingrain survival guidelines.
  • Obtain a drop from ender dragon. Killing the ender dragon is the gateway battle that entails defeating the first game in one’s own game and developing stimulants that are incredibly valuable. When the ender dragon dies from his wounds, he leaves behind a specific object called the dragon egg. This egg is considered by many to be the consumable of the champions! To eat it, the players must first salute their flag, dress themselves in their helmets and play the Wolverine national anthem. In other words, they should place the egg, their flag, on top of a specific block of bedrock, and hit it to make it crack open, and the egg will drop onto the ground. Here they can finally crack the egg open, and probably going to take their last ride, or an extra 7 points on their food level.
  • Obtain drops from killers of guardians. Killing a guardian can be one of the hardest tasks assigned to a player. Grown-ups will find it to be the most challenging, because it requires a significant amount of patience, loading some of the most valuable resources of one’s own war meter and the bottom line is this, these people would only be able to go offline and engage another dragon egg. But the rewards of the killing are excellent. Three things can be dropped from guardians. The first is a random fish that the player will have to cook and eat. Sponges that are slightly simpler as they will aid in the removal of the water and the drying process of the underwater base. Another alternative is to create water elevators, so the player can go into their under water base conveniently.


Farming in Minecraft is growing different plants including crops, flowers, and trees in order to get food best utilized by the player. Various plants yield different products. To grow plants, they require the corresponding seed (e.g. wheat seeds, beetroot seeds), bone meal fertilizer, and either partial sunlight or sufficient torches in near-complete darkness. For the fastest growing and quickest yield, plants should be grown on fully/half tilled blocks of farmland. While there is no real food waste in Minecraft, farming plants with a higher yield is the most advisable food source early in the game.


Hunting in Minecraft is a way of gathering food to eat. Players can go after animals such as pig, horse, cow, rabbit, llama, or chicken to kill, get meat, and cook them for food. Players kill animals through non-player character (NPC) monsters suchjson as zombies or skeletons.

A player can also kill their own farm animals for food. There is a downside to hunting for food as it is a very labor-intensive way of getting food for oneself. It is best used to get food during crisis situations where little else is in the player’s inventory.

According to the Minecraft Gamepedia Wiki, animals spawn within 40 blocks of the player (even if it is not in their sight), and the amount of each animal per 148,350 blocks of total ground surface in the world would be as follows:

  1. 11.7 pigs (including piglets) per 148,350 ground covered. A pig drops 1-3 raw pork chops and 1-3 experience points when killed.
  2. 5.9 cows (including calves) per 148,350 ground covered. A cow drops 1-3 raw beef and 1-3 experience points when killed.
  3. 7.5 chickens (including chicks) per 148,350 ground covered. A chicken drops 1-2 raw chicken, 0-1 feathers, and 1-3 experience points when killed.
  4. 4.9 sheep (including lambs) per 148,350 ground covered. A sheep drops 1-2 wool blocks and experience points for a total of 20-25 experience points when killed.
  5. 2.4 rabbits per 148,350 ground covered. A rabbit drops 0-1 rabbit hide (with the Looting Enchantment, this can increase to a maximum of 4 rabbit hides), 0-1 raw rabbit, and 1-3 experience points when killed.


Fishing is the process of getting raw fish and junk items from water in Minecraft. To fish in Minecraft, the player needs to craft a Fishing Rod with two or three sticks and two or three units of a sustainability material called String. String can be crafted from wool dropped from sheep, hunting spiders known for dropping in abandoned mine shafts, or finding cobwebs in mines where silverfish are present.

To catch something while fishing by right-clicking with the fishing rod equipped if the bobber’s splashing sounds will get progressively faster until a random item is caught. When this random item is the rare fishing rod called the Hook, the player can use the hook to eat outside of the fishing mechanic if they want.


Trading in Minecraft is the act of exchanging items between one player and another player or a Villager NPC. Trading with Villager NPCs is done by right-clicking on a Villager. This opens a trading UI where the player drags and drops items or currency onto the appropriate slot to make the trade happen. These useful interactions allow food and other resources to be obtained that are otherwise non-renewable or limited in accessibility.

How to Eat Food in Minecraft?

There are different methods for eating food in Minecraft depending on the platform. To eat food in Minecraft on the Java Edition (PC/Mac), a player drags food items into the square inventory box in the bottom of the inventory screen with their mouse cursor, then right-clicks the food while playing the game.

On Consoles (PlayStation, Xbox), a player places the food as a hot bar item and selects it using the D-pad. They then select their character in first-person mode and press the correct trigger on the back of the controller to eat.

To eat food in Pocket Edition (PE), drag food items to the boxes at the bottom of your screen, then select the food from there. Make sure that your hunger meter (the chicken drumsticks at the bottom) shows that you are hungry. Then hold down your finger on the screen until your food bar fills and the meter returns to full green.

Using the Food Menu

Open the Food Menu in Minecraft by pressing E (Y on Nintendo Switch). To eat, hover over the food item, then right click (X on Nintendo Switch) or double-click with the left mouse button (A on Nintendo Switch) and hold if your health/hunger levels are low. Over time you will heal. Consuming food will remove 10 hunger points per food item until you are full at 20. The number of points restored by a type of food will differ.

As the hunger bar fills back in, hearts covering the player’s display will begin to develop white outlines at the edges which will slowly recede as you regain health.

Using the Hotbar

The hotbar is the shortcut or favorite items bar that players can fill by dragging items from the main inventory including food into this specific location at the bottom of the screen on the left side. Players can select food and eat it using the hotbar by either scrolling the mouse wheel or pressing the number corresponding to the food item’s position in the inventory. 9 is the default meat position for easy access, but the player is free to place food in any of the 9 spots that comprise the hotbar.

Using the Right-click Method

You can also eat in Minecraft by using the right-click method. As Ali Rahma and other Minecraft users show, right-click on the food item itself to refill half a heart. Right-clicking items in the inventory drops one food and right-clicking a stack of items in the inventory drops all and only refills up to 10 drums. When a food item is held during mob damage, right-clicking the mouse makes sure the food is eaten.

What are the Effects of Eating Food in Minecraft?

The effects of eating food in Minecraft after all hunger bars are already full are as follows. Most cooked meats provide around half of a drumstick worth of regeneration. Most of the food group staples provide around half of a drumstick worth of regeneration.

Unique vitamins or substances on some foods can provide immunity from certain in-game mechanics by regenerating lost effect points. For example while having full effect points (the green and yellow bar in the upper right) if a player accidentally breaks a beehive or damages entities natural to the game, poached salmon can calm these creatures. This does not fully override the bees attack but it becomes neutral when the user partners this with a nice cooked piece of salmon as a user.

Restoring Hunger Points

Hunger points can be restored by eating various foods in combination with regeneration and saturation. Regeneration begins when a player has a full set of health (10 hearts) and loses a half heart. Once the missing health reaches 18 hunger points, saturation is consumed and begins replenishing the health. Eating foods that restore relatively more saturation and health can speed up the process of restoring hunger points. For example, against the backdrop of Minecraft’s default survival mode, players should know that cake provides the most saturation benefits, but only takes away the hunger bar (25 points). Most saturation foods are few and far between, with the exception of bread, which is very common. Roughly 31 individual servings of bread are available on Minecraft's trade menu, making it one of the most viable ways to continue playing once nourishment has been utilized.

Restoring Health Points

To restore two of your health points, food must be consumed in Minecraft when at least one food point is missing. Restored food points provide energy for fighting, mining, and moving. Each time damage is taken, the missing parts of the food meter disappear from the right, then the health bar starts to decrease and starts reducing health points as they move from right to left.

If a player fights or mines with zero food points, their health points will reduce. This reduction can be stopped by refilling your food meter in order to resume healing process. If you take a look at Skippy6Gaming’s Epic Minecraft 1.17 Let’s Play series on YouTube, you can see all the foods one can eat in Minecraft to restore health points effectively.

Effects of Different Food Types

The table below lists every food item in Minecraft and the amount of hunger and saturation each piece of that food restores. It also shows if a piece of food increases your health instantly when consumed. Some foods also give the player special effects when eaten, but nobody has made this sort of table available online as of September 2021. It is safe to say that having a positive or negative effect from food is comparatively rare when playing the game normally. The Minecraft wiki has the most up-to-date information as the game is updated.

The amount of hunger and saturation restored by each food type in Minecraft is accurate to the last game version the Minecraft Wiki had listed, which is 1.14.

What is the Importance of Eating in Minecraft?

The importance of eating is to give a temporary healing and regenerative effect to a user’s health and to avoid dying from hunger. In Minecraft, one obtains food items from breaking down crops, killing various mobs, or by fishing. Hunger works opposite health, with a player’s food level falling after time or injury and the need to be replenished with sustenance. Food buffs, such as beef steak or cooked chicken, are highly recommended for adventurers.

Tips for Efficient Eating in Minecraft

You should eat in Minecraft to keep your hunger satisfied. If you let the hunger bar drop to zero, you will not recover health on its own and the number of hitpoints will drop. So make sure you eat frequently and before experiencing damage, in order to allow yourself to recover as quickly as possible.

In general, Food and Nutrition in Minecraft serve the purpose of restoring and maintaining both hunger points as well as saturation points, with many foods also satisfying other needs such as restoring health points after being injured. Foods can also leave temporary status effects such as poison, regeneration, or absorption. Saturation points are used up first to maintain hunger and then when satiety is restored the hunger indicator is slowly refilled. It is recommended you try eating a variety of foods to discover the best combinations for your avatars survival.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to Eat in Minecraft?

Question: How do I eat food in Minecraft? To eat food in Minecraft, hold the food item in your hand and right-click on your character.

How to Eat in Minecraft?

Question: What types of food can I eat in Minecraft? In Minecraft, you can eat various types of food such as apples, carrots, potatoes, bread, and more.

How to Eat in Minecraft?

Question: How do I keep track of my hunger level in Minecraft? Your hunger level is represented by a series of drumstick icons above your health bar. As you eat food, these icons will decrease and your hunger level will increase.

How to Eat in Minecraft?

Question: Can I eat raw food in Minecraft? Yes, you can eat raw food in Minecraft, but it will not fill up your hunger bar as much as cooked food. Additionally, there is a chance of getting food poisoning from eating raw meat.

How to Eat in Minecraft?

Question: How can I cook food in Minecraft? To cook food in Minecraft, you will need to create a furnace and place it down. Then, you can place raw food items in the furnace and wait for them to cook.

How to Eat in Minecraft?

Question: Is there a limit to how much food I can eat in Minecraft? No, there is no limit to how much food you can eat in Minecraft. However, eating too much food at once will not give you any additional benefits and may cause you to become sick.

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