Learn How to Make Obsidian in Minecraft Today!

Obsidian is a unique and valuable resource in the world of Minecraft, known for its durability and resistance to various elements.

We will explore how to obtain obsidian, the tools needed to mine it, and different methods of creating obsidian in the game.

Obsidian has a variety of uses from building structures to crafting enchantment tables, making it a sought-after material for players.

Delve into the properties and potential of obsidian in Minecraft with us.

What is Obsidian in Minecraft?

In Minecraft, an obsidian block is a hard semi-rare natural block that forms as water hits a lava source block. On average an obsidian block requires approximately 30 hours to form naturally.

Obsidian blocks are used to build nether portals which allow the player to travel to the nether and back. To create a nether portal, the player will need 10 obsidian blocks with the portals dimensions being at least 4 blocks wide per side, and 5 blocks tall. Otherwise, obsidian blocks can be used as an indestructible/blast-proof material when building structures that face the environment and other players. This not only adds aesthetics to the structure but also adds the extra layer of protection against mobs, weather conditions or other players.

How to Obtain Obsidian?

In standard Minecraft, obsidian is obtained primarily by mixing water directly with lava. When water comes into contact with a lava source or flowing lava it transforms it into black shiny obsidian blocks. Note that this process makes it difficult to obtain more in a hurry for low-level technologies or gameplay. Curtains of obsidian that are found in-game are generated using these properties and fill in lava lakes when the lava hits water and turns into obsidian.

According to the US Department of Interior, real obsidian is an extrusive igneous rock that forms in caves and tunnels as well as on the surface through the quick hardening of the lava that erupts from a volcano. This real-world process is not replicable, therefore obsidian is not craftable through any kind of mineral smelting or mod. Obsidian is an excellent hunting tool for quickly killing low-level or weakened targets but incurring a range disadvantage when mining or attacking vulnerable targets. Obsidian generally requires a diamond pickaxe to break. When collected without a slip touch pickaxe, it drops as an obsidian block which must be mined again using the same pickaxe to be collected.

Finding Obsidian in Natural Form

The most common method of obtaining obsidian in Minecraft is first to find obsidian in the natural game environment. When flowing lava meets still water source blocks, obsidian forms at the point of contact.

Although it takes some searching in the world of Minecraft, after the initial hardened lava layer is found, obsidian is abundant with the only naturally occurring sources being in Nether Portal rooms and one lava spring in the Nether.

Nether Portal rooms are frequently encountered on players’ long trips in The Nether to expand the world (which is 8 times faster than in the Overworld). A Nether Portal room can have up to 17 blocks of obsidian and is a dependable supply of obsidian in the game.

The construction of it is left for the player’s memory to remember how to craft a Nether Portal in Minecraft. When traveling in lava ponds that have many blocks of flowing lava and are very hazardous, most long distance players in The Nether often find they have no choice but to use a water bucket on water source blocks from the ceiling or in passageways to avoid death.

Crafting Obsidian with Lava and Water

To craft obsidian with lava and water, you must follow these steps in


  1. Place a layer of any block one block above where you want to create the obsidian with the same dimensions. This is because the layer of obsidian can only be seen on blocks directly above the destination where the water will flow to.
  2. Place a water source on the top block of the stack or container. This will move the water downwards and across the newly created blocks until it ends in enough space.
  3. Dig the source of the water in the proper direction and at the edge of the blocks so the water does not disappear until it ends.
  4. Pour lava into the source of the water.
  5. The lava and water will flow to the destination and make obsidian.
  6. Mine the obsidian with a diamond or netherite pickaxe tool.

When crafting obsidian with lava and water in Minecraft, always wear pajamas.

Lava is found at the Y layer of 1 or lower, but be incredibly careful as it can be dangerous. You will need a diamond or netherite pickaxe to mine obsidian once it has been crafted. Mining obsidian requires 10 seconds per block so it’s best if the destination is removed so the newly created obsidian does not interfere. A diamond pickaxe operates best, using only 4 seconds per block, if you have a netherite upgrade as well as enchantments available.

What Tools Are Needed to Mine Obsidian?

To mine Obsidian in Minecraft, you need the following tools:

  1. Diamond Pickaxe. Obsidian takes 250 ms to mine and can only be mined using a diamond or netherite pickaxe. It cannot be mined using a Fortune pickaxe, as this enchantment works exclusively with diamond, lapis lazuli, coal (blocks and ore), redstone, emerald, and nether quartz.
  2. Lava-Proof Materials. Blocks for building walls or creating a channel, as mining obsidian creates a fountain of lava.

How to Make Obsidian in Minecraft?

Obsidian does not require crafting. Players create obsidian blocks by placing Water Source blocks beside Lava Source blocks or atop existing Lava Source blocks. Excited About VideoGames shows that water interacting with lava source blocks results in the formation of obsidian blocks. This process, called lava cooling in Minecraft, happens when water is poured on top of the lava source block and spreads up to 4 blocks over the directions in which the water spreads. Ordinarily, obsidian is not found in landmasses at sea level above y63, but Caves and Cliffs Update 1.18 will be raising this level in some biomes in newly generated worlds.

Using a Diamond Pickaxe

In Minecraft, the player can turn Lava Source Blocks into Obsidian with a Diamond Pickaxe.

Active water must be within two blocks from the lava to turn it into Obsidian. The best way is to dig out the area around the lava and add water on top of the lava to allow it to swim and convert into obsidian. Only diamond or Netherite pickaxes can mine Obsidian, with Obsidian breaking in 14.25 seconds with a diamond pickaxe.

Using a Nether Portal

Nether portals are rectangular that can be used to travel between the overworld and the Nether. To create a Nether portal, you must create a rectangular frame out of obsidian sealed with a Flint and Steel or Fire charge block which then turns the rectangular portal into a glowing void. Creating a Nether portal is simple. Collect at least 10 pieces of obsidian from natural deposits in caves that are already meager in lava, or create your own using the methods above. Build your minimum 4×5 portal frame on the ground (or just 4×4 if you use corners to save blocks), then add 10 blocks of obsidian to the top to turn the frame into a minimum 4×5 rectangle.

After that, light the portal with Flint and Steel or a Fire charge block and you should see the purple/black standard Nether frame. After your portal materializes out of the purple cloud of flux, walk into it and you will see the Nether. To safely build a portal on the other side, ensure the coast is clear of lava and one doesn’t accidentally build an obsidian frame around a dangerous open lava pit.

Using a Bucket of Water and Lava

Creating Obsidian in Minecraft using traditional formula with Water and Lava is a two-stage process involving multiple steps which step you add water and which you add in after creating a flow of lava stopping the water from spreading in the wrong spot.

If you find making obsidian a hassle, you can go and mine it in naturally generating instances of the rock or trade from villagers. Then you can get right into the use of obsidian without worrying about the production of it using the /give command.

What Can Obsidian Be Used For?

Obsidian has been used since ancient times for a range of tools.

  • Knives, arrowheads, and other cutting tools: Obsidian is exceptionally sharp and can hold the edge for longer than most common metals. It was used by ancient peoples in the Americas and other areas to make long-range weapons such as spears, as well as knives and other implements. A 2015 paper by R. Juchelka and M. Wehrhahn-Schultz in Science of Conservation notes that the first obsidian tools found in the Swabian Alb of southern Germany date back to around 15,000 BC.

These were analyzed and found to have been made with obsidian from Melos, a Greek island with deposits of obsidian that was traded with indigenous people as far back in Mesolithic Europe. This is one of the first examples of long-range trade between different cultures. They are now also the oldest known examples of artifacts made with volcanic obsidian.

Obsidian in Minecraft is able to harvest all blocks except iron and gold ore, but the imaginary version of obsidian in Minecraft is only known for building impenetrable walls and nether portals. Diamond pickaxes are usually the default way of harvesting obsidian. Once dragged over it, the diamond pickaxe will remove a bit of obsidian. A block takes 10 seconds to break. You can also use water and lava to generate obsidian. Other material requirements are listed below.

Building Structures

Obsidian can be generated in Minecraft by building a Nether portal. This requires 10 Obsidian blocks, which can only be obtained in a natural way in Minecraft by replicating a diamond pickaxe. This process requires holding a diamond pickaxe while touching a block of water and a block of lava at the same time. The Obsidian block requires 15 seconds to form and give up to 1000 source blocks of water.

Crafting Enchantment Tables

In Minecraft, you can turn Obsidian blocks and other resources into an Enchantment table. Enchantment tables are the tools in which bookshelves (three around one enchantment table) are used to increase the level of magic that can be used when enchanting items. Bookshelves are built with three papers, and three wooden planks (any type of wood will work). The paper is made from sugar canes.

Enchantment tables allow players to enchant items for efficiency or power in Minecraft. To build them, you need two Obsidian blocks.

The Enchantment table is crafted with four Obsidian blocks in a crafting table form by making an O-pattern with the blocks and randomizing one block in the center. Then, you add two Diamonds to the outside of this shape and you have your counter pressure-environment creation station.

The Enchantment table is a unique block that can accept stone, wood, or other blocks in place of the Obsidian, but the Enchantment table will give zero enchantability levels and will be not useful. Unlike other crafting which retains intact if players try to break apart the items needed to build them, such as a saddle being put in a saddle-crafting grid and players receiving it back, enchantment tables entirely crumble when players attempt this.

Creating Nether Portals

Minecraft nether portals are made of obsidian and igniting a new nether portal is one way to make obsidian. Building nether portals to obtain obsidian is a slightly different alternative to the water and lava method as it requires diamonds and a diamond pickaxe before any obsidian can be created.

Once you have a diamond pickaxe, locate two patches of lava next to a water source elsewhere or create one. Dig out the frame for the nether portal, fill it with lava, and then douse it with water. You will see the obsidian blocks form and you will be able to collect them once fully created. To finish the structure, it has to be set on fire. Lava and water portals can also be expanded. Should you manage to get two pools to meet at their sides, you would be able to form an ore shape of any size or configuration.

Crafting End Crystals

Four pieces of Obsidian can be crafted when arranging Eight{8} Stacks of Eye of Enders (Ender Pearls) in the outer slots and a stack of Chorus Fruit (Obtain by killing or trading with an Evoker) in the center slot of the crafting bench.

It is important to place items in the order you just read and a stack of Chorus Fruit in the center with nothing already in place, as attempting to remove an incorrect item incorrectly placed will destroy all previously placed items. The quickest way to get as much Chorus Fruit as possible is to seek out an End City

An End Crystal is a Netherarm Minecraft Block that wizards use to respawn the dragon. Mandated with a HEALTH, WATER BREATHING, AND REGENERATION EFFECT, End Crystals produce a 12 block explosion if blown up. When an End Crystal is destroyed, it destroys four pieces of Obsidian with it.

You can create Obsidian blocks from these 2 {Eye of Ender + Chorus Fruit} setups if you have or are near the ender realm or have Nether Wart, 12 Blaze Rods, 4 Magma Cream, 4 Glistering Melons, 2 Golden Carrots, and 2 Speppears that you can get relatively easily.

What Are the Properties of Obsidian?

Obsidian is a special block in Minecraft that is highly resistant to explosives. It does not fall if blocks supporting it are removed. Obsidian blocks have the same blast resistance from all types of explosions as anvils (6,000,000). If respawn anchor charges are detonated on it or if it is hit with a charged creeper, the block will take damage, but does not break (although the surround blocks will).

In an environment with little air, obsidian makes it possible to create portals to other dimensions such as the End and Nether and indirectly the sky based on the server. Depending on the custom, obsidian is the only material which will create a Nether portal. When lava touches a water source block, obsidian is created. Obsidian is created similarly in real life when high acid magma in the form of rhyolite or dacite cools very rapidly. The rapid cooling of the magma prevents complete crystallization leading to the formation of glassy obsidian which has no crystalline structure.

Obsidian’s low water content (% H2O) of only 0.1% amplifies the lack of regular internal layers that contribute to obsidian fractures producing the distinct consistent fracture pattern.

Blast Resistance

Blast resistance refers to the ability of a block to withstand explosions before being destroyed. When this is put to good use – such as in the construction of fortifications in war-themed games or structures that could accidentally come into contact with and be destroyed by explosive mobs – obsidian is the strongest naturally-occurring block with a blast resistance of 6000.

Stronger materials, such as end portal blocks, can technically be found, but they are not naturally-occurring and are considered decorative blocks by the computer programing of the game. Note that the blast damage inflicted by a block does not directly correlate to its ability to withstand mining. The breaking resistance of obsidian is 2256, then much higher than other kinds of stone, but not as high as the degree of blast damage it can withstand post-mining.

The following table lists the most important Minecraft blocks, their blast resistance, and corresponding mining tool type and time required to break them.

Blocks | Blast Resistance | Mining Tool | Time to Mine (seconds) | Notes

Bedrock | 18000000 | N/A | N/A | Unbreakable

End Portal Block | 18000000 | N/A | N/A | UnbreakableAnvil | 6000 | Damaged anvil | N/A | Damaged on impact with ground, drops as item at half hit points

Obsidian | 6000 | Diamond Pickaxe | 9.4 | Fireproof negatively-affecting blocks posed danger (compared to blast protection cage), rail support finish

Enchanting Table | 6000 | Diamond Pickaxe | 4.75 | Enchantment storage or functional obelisk

Beacon | 6000 | Diamond Pickaxe | 9.4 | Beam post, finish supporting pedestal with iron blocks, beam post, baseLodestone | 9 | Wooden Pickaxe | 3.15 | Uses Compass block

Respawn Anchor |6 | Wooden Picakxe | .95 | Nether respawn pointEnd portal frame | 18 | Iron Pickaxe | .3 | Surround and support end portal with this frame block, if desired. Could lose block after someone returns through portal, depending on if sideways exit portal or not.Emerald ore | 3 | Iron Pickaxe | .75 | Cave wall decoration, ore decoration

Netherite block | 6 | Iron Pickaxe | 1.3 | But neither block light source

Spawn egg | .75 | N/A | N/A | Damaged on landing, prevents mob spawning

Dirt | .5 | Iron Pickaxe | .15 | Garden plotted block, natural terrain

Anvil (falling entity) | .5 | N/A | N/A | Destroyed on impact, no block drop

And here it is easy way. Play Minecraft game and test blocks blast resistance. Is there any most effective way you know how to find block blast resistance?


Obsidian has a 50,000,000 Pa hardness (Vickers Hardness 5.55 GPA). This means it is nearly as hard as diamond which has a 70,000,000 Pa hardness (Vickers Hardness 5-10 GPA). In terms of Mohs hardness scale, which measures how easily one object can be scratched by another, obsidian has a 4.5 – 5 Mohs hardness, while diamond has a 10 Mohs hardness. As diamonds are one of the few objects that can scratch a piece of obsidian, it should not come as too much of a surprise to know that it mechanistically breaks much like diamond, in offering little resistance to scratch by a steel file, but catastrophic failure on high localized impact.

Since obsidian is formed from glass, it has many characteristics similar to it, like glass’s appearance and toughness. Borosilicate glass (a form of glass) used by Corning is very resilient and extremely scratch-resistant, similar to obsidian under normal conditions. With temperature fluctuations, like those from a blowtorch to water or air, normal glass will shatter. Obsidian is believed by some geologists to form from lava that comes into contact with cool water immediately upon eruption, a process that likewise creates rapid cooling leading to its toughness and brightness. Thus these characteristics are similar to the event which makes obsidian, glass scratch easily if heated, and both are transparent.

Invisibility to Explosions

Explosions are able to destroy all types of blocks, but if you manage to obtain obsidian, it is an exception. Obsidian is one of the most resistant blocks in the game and serves as a solid shield, providing essentially 100% resistance to all types of explosions, except the wither’s which is assumed to ignore all resistance and do the same amount of damage [https://minecraft.fandom.com/wiki/Explosion#Sound]. This means that you can rely on an obsidian base in somewhat risky areas such as the Nether or where you or your friends are prone to explosions. It is even considered as a blast resistance block by the official game wiki as it exhibits all the key properties outlined in blast-resistance in an anvil note [https://minecraft.fandom.com/wiki/Blast_resistance].

With obsidian granting immunity to gases in addition to explosions, the Nether will become easier to navigate when using obsidian. To ensure no gas will ruin your day by causing an explosion, an obsidian fortress is the perfect home away from home in the negative dimension.

Resistance to Fire and Lava

In Minecraft, obsidian features zero flammability, making it a perfect shelter material from natural environmental hazards such as fires, sunlight, and lava. Obsidian can withstand fire spread, meaning it is neither flammable nor a combustible block and cannot catch fire. Obsidian is an extremely effective blast- and fire-resistant material to contain conflagrations and prevent the combustible spread of fire through buildings.

Frequently Asked Questions

What materials do I need to make obsidian in Minecraft?

The only way to make obsidian in Minecraft is by using a diamond pickaxe on a pool of still lava. You will also need a bucket to collect the lava.

Can I make obsidian in Minecraft without a diamond pickaxe?

Unfortunately, no. A diamond pickaxe is the only tool strong enough to mine obsidian and create it. Without it, the lava will be destroyed and you will not get any obsidian.

How do I find a pool of lava in Minecraft?

Lava pools can be found underground, usually near a source of water. You can also create your own pool by placing a bucket of lava on the ground.

How many blocks of lava do I need to make obsidian?

You will need at least four blocks of lava to create one block of obsidian. Make sure to have a few extra blocks nearby in case some gets destroyed during the process.

Why is obsidian important in Minecraft?

Obsidian is the only block in Minecraft that is blast-proof and can’t be destroyed by explosions. It is also necessary for building a nether portal, which allows you to travel to the Nether dimension.

Can I use any other materials to make obsidian in Minecraft?

No, obsidian can only be created by using a diamond pickaxe on a pool of lava. Other tools or materials will not work.

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