Learn How to Repair Tools in Minecraft – Step by Step Guide

Are your tools in Minecraft wearing out faster than you’d like? Tool repair is crucial to ensure they remain efficient and durable.

We discuss the importance of tool repair, different methods to repair tools in Minecraft, materials that can be used for repair, and tips for efficient repair.

Whether you are using an anvil, crafting table, or enchantment table, we’ve got you covered. Keep reading to prolong the life of your tools and enhance your gameplay experience!

Why is Tool Repair Important?

Tool Repair in Minecraft is important because repairing tools rather than creating new ones saves the hassle of obtaining the raw materials to craft that tool. This is especially important for later stage ores that are harder to mine. It is also energetically consuming as it is a repetitive and long-winded exercise. Spending in-game currency (that is obtained by selling loot at a blacksmith, trading with trial villagers or fletchers, or fishing) is another haemorrhaging factor to watch out for.

Saves Resources

By repairing tools, weapons, and armor in Minecraft, you can save resources that would have been used to craft the same items. When an item breaks or loses too much of its durability (when the green bars are depleted), it reverts to its original materials. Two golden bars make a golden sword. When you repair, you merge together two items with the same type and tools made out of the same materials, so you get the utmost use out of them. If your iron pickaxe has lost all of its useful life and broken, repairing it with your other iron pickaxe returns it so it’s good as new.

While items will be at full durability after a repair, when you repair, the `new item penalty` is reset. The `new item penalty` is a hidden mechanic in the game where the attack damage of swords and the durability harvested of tools is less when the item is new, but gets better as the item is used. The item’s normal performance cannot be reached until after you have used the new item for a while. If you’re repairing a newer, less efficient item, the repair can repay you for all that lost performance.

`WarleypiMP` goes over very clearly Tips for Saving Resources in Minecraft in his video Minecraft But You Can Repair Any Tool.

Increases Durability

Total health is at its highest when an item bar is completely green, then starting to decrease as it turns yellow, followed by its second-lowest as it turns red, and finally, the most warning health when it has a translucent marker bar making the item appear close to completely gone. Durability refers to how much health an item has left until it completely degrades. If the green bar is long, the item has high durability, and if the uncolored portion underneath the red bar is small, the item has low durability.

In the image, the diamond pickaxe (highlighted in light blue) has 10 hits out of 1561 initially acquired when crafted. It can take almost 0 damage, though if it does take stone gets bad very quickly going clear to the minimum 1 hit before total breakdown.

The golden pickaxe and netherite sword have such low durability remaining that they are at an almost failed status. The Netherite pickaxe on the other hand, shows exactly the half and half state of no boosts. This easily proves them at about 50% life. An item’s durability can be reset by applying it to a craft table with the correct amount of repair materials and an anvil which has the combined points to be able to make the item workable. The repair method increases durability by resetting the item to its original, undamaged level. As a note, when 2 items are used that are too damaged to repair, this creates a fresh and un-modified item with a full damage bar. Applying multiple repair items could cause the item’s durability to go into overrepair. When a material has insufficient durability to do work with and an item degrades to nothing, it is reset to full despite lacking the “mechanical” portions necessary.

How to Repair Tools in Minecraft

In Minecraft, tools can be repaired in different ways. Tools can be repaired by combining two tools of the same type with an anvil. Combining two tools ignores any durability or enchantment attributes of the tools. If one of the tools has enchantment the resulting combined tool will take on this enchantment. If the combined tool is taken apart it results in a tool that maintains this enchantment. By combining two damaged tools they will combine to have more damage than either of the tools before.^1For example, if you combine two <80%> damaged tools, the new one will have a durability of <160%>, taking wear percentage into account. Tools can unofficially be repaired with , though there is no indication this is possible by the game, and officially tools cannot be repaired with diamond or netherite.

To proceed with repairing tools in Minecraft with an anvil, build an anvil. These consist of three iron blocks and four iron ingots and are crafted at a . The blocks mimic a Mickey Mouse silhouette. Once equipped with an anvil, right-click on it to open the

. Drag the tool that you wish to repair with another of the same type into the first box. The cost of the repair will appear on the right side of the box. If there is no exp cost then they are likely not the same type tool as displayed. If the cost is more than one it is time to decide if it is worth it to repair or just create a new tool. If a tool contains enchantments, the anvil will highlight what the limits of the repair are before it proceeds. Drag the second tool into the other box and then to the inventory to replace the tool.^4

Using An Anvil

To repair tools in Minecraft using an anvil, ensure the tool to repair and the repair materials are in your inventory. Open the crafting inventory and place the tool and repair materials in the correct shape and recipe to repair the tool.

Using an anvil to repair items in Minecraft is the standard and most accessible form of repair for the majority of tools and armor. Simply placing two identical items on an anvil allows the two to be combined into one repaired item at a cost of some experience points.

The simplest anvil recipes for repairing tools in Minecraft are as follows:

  • Two pickaxes are combined into one repaired tool.
  • Two hatchets are combined to repair one.
  • Two swords are combined to repair one.
  • Two pieces of armor are combined to repair one.

The repairing cost in experience points starts at two to ten for standard level tools. The higher level the tool is, the greater the cost. A newly crafted item without any additional enchantments will have its full durability restored at a cost of two experience points. Repairing an item with maximum durability will always cost the player more. In addition, it is always more advisable to create a new tool than repair all the way to maximum, as this would make the total cost much higher than that to create a new tool.

Using Crafting Table

You can repair your tools, armor, and weapons, via the 9 grid crafting table but it is only possible when at least two items of the same material are up for repair at the same time. Place both your items in the crafting table grid, and drag the repaired item to your inventory. This method is almost identical to repairing in your inventory except for having to use a crafting table instead. Players frequently use crafting as another tool to get used to, so having the repaired item available in their table is the only way to repair that specific item.

Using Enchantment Table

When tools and armor are enchanted with the Unbreaking and Mending enchantments, they will no longer break and will repair themselves. Minecraft Unbreaking is defined in the game as an enchantment that can be applied to any item with durability that is attack or block-related. It extends the item’s usage by providing a chance to block the quantity of durability used for that action. The Unbreaking enchantment can be applied to any item more than once. Each stage increases the efficiency of the enchantment.

The probability of wear and tear occurring is reduced 3/4/5 times while wearing higher-leveled armor. Unbreaking can be especially useful when combined with a tool with high durability such as a diamond pickaxe. The Mending enchantment will allow exerting energy in the form of experience over time to repair a tool or armor piece.

To enhance equipment in Minecraft, players must have an anvil and the prior pieces of equipment they need to merge. When the following conditions are met, the merge will occur and a tool or armor shall be upgraded by that function.

You could also put the items in both slots of the crafting bench and repair them. The number of diamonds needed depends on the repair if the items are enchanted.

What Materials Can Be Used for Tool Repair?

The primary material used for Minecraft tool repair is ingots melted from the same ore as the Tool (i.e. iron ingot with iron, diamond with diamond). That does not even require a furnace, as the crafting table lets players turn a material into blocks which are then converted back to the individual item (e.g. 9 iron ingots turn into an iron block, which can be remelted back into 9 iron ingots).

Consumable materials that can be used in Tool Repair include leather, blaze rod, carrot on a stick, firework rocket, and trident (see the Minecraft Blocks and Crafting Components section to see where to find them).

Iron Ingots

In Minecraft, Iron Ingots are a new value for emeralds via a random trade with a Journeyman Armorer once the trades are accessed in Survival Mode. They can also be acquired by using with the on shield-bearing entities named in an anvil to lower chances of receiving enchanted gear. Iron ingots are used for a to become a regular or slightly damaged anvil.


Diamonds are the most sought-after item in Minecraft for the more advanced items and weapons in the game. An unenchanted diamond pickaxe with full durability and that is not in use can be used profitably by crafting hoes instead of additional iron purchases. Combined with a stick or an iron ingot, a hoe can be produced.

This should only be done in situations where the players have a surplus of diamonds, broken diamond tools to repair, and few diamonds, or need hoes for farming. Five diamonds are required to make both diamond hoes and iron hoes (feed them back to the piglins!), yet players will receive five hoes for just two diamonds at the crafting table.

Gold Ingots

Gold ingots are used for forging clocks, powered rails, gilded black stone, and decorative gilded blocks, and for trading with piglins. They are not recyclable or used for any repairing formula in Minecraft. Nine gold nuggets can be processed in a crafting grid to produce a single gold ingot. Similarly, iron nuggets can be reused in crafting ingots such as iron, gold, or netherite. They are smaller items that can be removed to clear out storage space that would be better suited to stackable ingot items.


You can trade emeralds with toolsmith, weapon smith, or armor smith villagers to receive new undamaged equipment. Pickaxes, axes, hoes, shovels, shears, flints and steels, fishing rods, and clocks can all be traded for using emeralds. The cost is minimal and varies with the enchantments already on the item you are trading for. Emeralds are the rarest gem in the game and can only be found by harvested Emerald Ore. The ore is only found in Extreme Hills biomes and can be harvested with an iron or diamond pickaxe.

How to Repair Enchanted Tools?

Minecraft’s repair enchanted tool – or repair enchanted armor – process uses the same recipe as repairing a standard tool or armor at an anvil, but an additional cost of 2 extra levels of experience per enchantment that the item has when mending. Enchanted tools can be easily and quickly repaired at a grindstone to slightly improve durability and remove the enchanting effect. This can also be done at an anvil, but again at the higher level of experience cost.

Using An Anvil

To repair tools in Minecraft, the most frequently used method is to use an anvil. The anvil block is a basic tool for Minecraft players that enables item repair, renaming, and enchantment preservation and is crafted from three iron blocks. To repair an item in Minecraft using an anvil, simply place the item you wish to repair in the first slot before adding the necessary materials for the repair in the second slot then remove the repaired item from the far left output slot of the UI.

Using Crafting Table

The crafting table is not used to repair items in Minecraft. The crafting window provides an easy way to visualize taking multiple damaged items and forming them into a new item. The crafting window shows players whether it is worthwhile to repair an item by creating a perfectly healthy item in the crafting window to check whether the repair cost is worth it.

Restoration merely serves the purpose of using excess item blocks for repair. Invincibility Enchant (to allow restoration) and Merging (to automatically repair an item in one’s hotbar) are the only two types. They are not proper methods for repairing tools and armor. But normal methods of wearing and using tools and armor (for example, wearing down their durability) work.

Using Enchantment Table

Enchantment Tables are a source of special or rare enchantments that can help restore a tool. A player first needs a bookshelf in Java Edition or an enchanting table in an enclosed space with bookshelves in Bedrock Edition to enable the getting of good enchantments. Expended tools can be re-enchanted to repair netherite, diamond, and iron tools, as well as crossbows.

Once a rare enchantment is acquired, players can choose to repair a tool using it even in versions where that is meant only to be a new weapon or tool. Besides the XP they have to expend with each try, it does not physically repair anything from a starter (wooden or stone) level but since diamonds and nether giggles are required for diamond and netherite hoes, respectively, once they have them the inverted diamond rather than an anvil can repair such hoers without the loss of the diamond’s relatively high value.

Tips for Efficient Tool Repair

Tips for efficient tool repair in Minecraft include limiting the use of the tool when at low durability, rather than breaking it and having to gather the needed materials all over again. Above all, players should try to enchant their intended tool with Unbreaking 3 and Mending to avoid frequent repair and replacement.

When to repair tools in Minecraft is one of the many challenges users encounter in the game. Minecraft refers to these self-imposed challenges as the different game modes or missions. A YouTuber known as Grian is popular for his Let’s play challenges in Minecraft. The most common of these is the standard Survival Mode where the player has no health or hunger regeneration, but can restore the durability of tools and armor by adding materials to them.

The type of block broken, if it was broken by hand or has regular durability reduction, and if it was broken by a tool with increased durability reduction all affect the reduction in durability of the tool.

Gathering materials to craft a new tool can be as simple as cutting down a nearby tree for a wooden tool or as difficult as finding and mining a vein of diamond for a diamond tool. Utilize the enchanted book function to combine tools of 50% durability to get full durability effortlessly.

Repair Before Durability Runs Out

Repairing before a tool’s durability runs out is the most straightforward way to fix a tool, as it is a preventive repair (repair finished products before failure). It is easy to notice when items are about to shatter, as a red bar appears next to the item in inventory displays. The point at which the red bar appears is different for each item appearing at different intervals of time. As long as the red bar is visible, the item is immediately capable of being repaired.

To repair using an anvil, open the anvil’s main interface, place the mildly or severely damaged item in the first box, and the resource item you want to use for repairing in the second box. The tool is automatically repaired as long as the presence of Result: (desired item) at the bottom of the interface is noted before clicking the grey anvil icon at the far-right. Anvil repairs are feasible as long as the red bar lasts.

To repair using a grindstone, open the interface and place the item needing repair in the first box to the left, and a version of the same item in the second box. The interface on the right will display the repaired product, and you click the green icon to finish its repair. Grindstone use of repairing items is a useful special case for weapons or armor. If items are accidentally destroyed at any point then it is always possible to utilize crafting techniques to make a fresh item to be modified exactly as required as required conditions (like later anvil enhancements).

Use Unwanted Tools for Repair

If you have tools in Minecraft that you either don’t use or care about, you can exchange them at the grindstone for a tool that you do use. This works in two ways:

  1. Switching Enchantments: If you have two tools that both have enchantments (e.g. an efficiency I wooden pickaxe and a silk touch I diamond pickaxe) but you want these enchantments to coincide on one tool (e.g. making your diamond pickaxe both Efficiency I and Silk Touch I), you can exchange them out for one tool. The game will preserve the enchantment, but reduce the durability, of whatever tool is kept. To do this, hold the item in your hand and right-click to place it in the grindstone’s first slot. Take the desired tool, whatever state it may be in, and put that in the second slot. Click the grindstone’s output slot and take your item.
  2. Repairing tools with used tools: If you have a tool with an enchantment that breaks or becomes damaged, you can exchange it at the grindstone with another tool of the same type that is unused. The game will repair the enchantment but reduce the durability of your tool.

Unlike repairing tools on the anvil, recovering the enchanted tool always works in the grindstone. This is good when it comes to keeping expensive enchantments, but remember that this means spending additional experience, as a full re-enchantment usually requests 31 levels versus the 4 levels required for just anvil repairs.

Combine Enchantments

Combining enchantments refers to combining the durability of tools with other enchantments placed on them. Two enchantments can easily be combined in an anvil workbench, and this even goes the other way and you can choose the durability skill over efficiency and unbreaking. Depending on your enchantments, using the anvil with desired enchanted gear and experience points can take just a few minutes to do.


While it is not possible to repair tools in Minecraft, it is easy to create new tools or craft replacements using the crafting table grid and that tool’s standard recipe. Using an Anvil will allow you to merge enchantments from two of the same tool type to create one tool with a longer life meter. Therefore, the materials are built, resources are needed to generate, and iron ore is mined at the very least seems to compensate for some of the resources used for producing replacement tools.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to Repair Tools in Minecraft?

1. What are the different ways to repair tools in Minecraft?

The three main ways to repair tools in Minecraft are using an anvil, combining two damaged tools on a crafting table, or using the mending enchantment.

2. How do I repair tools using an anvil?

To repair tools with an anvil, place the damaged tool in the first slot and the material used to craft the tool in the second slot. This will combine the two and repair the tool.

3. Can I repair tools without using any materials?

Yes, you can use the mending enchantment on your tools. This allows you to repair tools by gaining experience while using them, without requiring any additional materials.

4. How do I apply the mending enchantment to my tools?

To apply the mending enchantment, you will need to find or trade for a mending book and then use an anvil to combine the book with your tool.

5. Is there a limit to how many times I can repair a tool?

No, there is no limit to how many times you can repair a tool. However, each time you repair it, the cost will increase.

6. Can I repair tools that have completely broken?

Unfortunately, once a tool has completely broken, it cannot be repaired. You will need to craft a new tool using the appropriate materials.

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